Mount Kilimanjaro Trek: Flora, Northern Circuit Route & Best Seasons

Conquer the Roof of Africa: A Guide to Mount Kilimanjaro Trek

Are you an adventure enthusiast seeking a thrilling and unforgettable experience? Look no further than Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest peak in Africa and one of the most sought-after trekking destinations in the world. The majestic mountain, located in Tanzania, offers breathtaking views, diverse flora, and the opportunity to challenge yourself both mentally and physically. In this blog post, we will explore the Kilimanjaro flora, the Northern Circuit Route, and the best Kilimanjaro trekking seasons.

Discover the Unique Kilimanjaro Flora

One of the most remarkable aspects of trekking Mount Kilimanjaro is the diverse and stunning flora that you encounter along the way. The mountain is home to five distinct vegetation zones, each with its own unique characteristics. As you ascend the mountain, you will witness a dramatic change in the landscape, from lush rainforests to alpine desert.

The lower slopes of Kilimanjaro are adorned with dense rainforests, filled with a variety of trees, ferns, and flowers. The lush greenery provides a refreshing and vibrant atmosphere, making it a delightful start to your trek. As you continue your ascent, you will enter the heath and moorland zone, characterized by giant lobelias, senecios, and heather.

As you reach higher altitudes, the landscape transforms into an alpine desert, where only the hardiest of plants can survive. Here, you will encounter unique species such as the Kilimanjaro groundsel and everlasting flowers. Finally, as you approach the summit, the landscape becomes a barren arctic zone, with only rocks and ice to accompany you on your final push to the top.

Embark on the Northern Circuit Route

If you are looking for a less crowded and more scenic route to the summit, the Northern Circuit Route is an excellent choice. This relatively new route offers a longer and more gradual ascent, allowing for better acclimatization and increasing your chances of reaching the summit successfully.

The Northern Circuit Route takes approximately 9-10 days to complete, providing ample time for your body to adjust to the altitude and reducing the risk of altitude sickness. Along the way, you will be treated to breathtaking views of the untouched wilderness, as well as the opportunity to spot wildlife such as elephants, buffalos, and monkeys.

Another advantage of the Northern Circuit Route is its higher summit success rate compared to other popular routes like the Machame or Marangu routes. This is due to the longer duration, which allows for better acclimatization and increases your chances of reaching Uhuru Peak, the highest point on Kilimanjaro.

Choose the Best Kilimanjaro Trekking Season

When planning your Mount Kilimanjaro trek, it is crucial to consider the best trekking season to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience. Kilimanjaro can be trekked throughout the year, but there are two main trekking seasons that are most favorable: the dry season and the shoulder seasons.

The dry season, which runs from late June to October, offers the most stable weather conditions. During this period, the skies are generally clear, and precipitation is minimal, making it ideal for trekking. The temperatures are also milder, ranging from around 20°C (68°F) at lower altitudes to below freezing at higher elevations.

The shoulder seasons, which occur from January to March and November to early December, are also popular for Kilimanjaro treks. These periods offer a balance between good weather conditions and fewer crowds. However, it is important to note that the shoulder seasons may have more unpredictable weather, including occasional rain showers.


Embarking on a Mount Kilimanjaro trek is a once-in-a-lifetime adventure that will test your limits and reward you with breathtaking views and a sense of accomplishment. Whether you choose to explore the unique Kilimanjaro flora, take on the Northern Circuit Route, or select the best Kilimanjaro trekking season, this iconic mountain promises an unforgettable experience. So, lace up your boots, prepare your gear, and get ready to conquer the Roof of Africa!